The HIVR4P conference is a global scientific conference focusing on biomedical HIV prevention research. HIVR4P 2018 supported research on HIV vaccines, microbicides, PrEP, treatment as prevention, and other biomedical prevention approaches. Numerous presentations highlighted the growing knowledge of HIV immune responses, HIV vaccine approaches, the impact of PrEP in HIV prevention, new PrEP drugs and diverse potential delivery options.
South Africa is the unenviable epicentre of the HIV pandemic with 0.7% of the global population sadly amassing 18% of the global prevalence. The government has expanded interventions over the years to quell the epidemic. Sadly however, 58% of South Africans eligible for ARV treatment remain unable to access it. Despite the strides made by government to alleviate the HIV burden, high HIV incidence rates of 16% were reported in 2013. We can gauge from this that the current prevention and treatment processes are failing. The question is: what alternatives do we have at our disposal? And could we gauge the potential success of these?