Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health problem that has drawn considerable research attention over the last few decades. Studies that have looked at age disparity as a risk factor of IPV show conflicting results regarding the direction of the association. It is due to these conflicting results that we sought to investigate if having an older partner is protective against IPV, compared to having a partner of closer age, in Sub-Saharan Africa using data from Demographic Health Surveys.
Intimate Partner Violence
Young women in relationships with older men are typically at an elevated risk for acquisition of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa. Most qualitative studies have tended to focus on why women are motivated to participate in these relationships, offering little insight into perceived risks of these relationships. Therefore we conducted a qualitative study in three urban communities in Cape Town using thematic content analysis to explore women’s perceived risks of (non-)age-disparate relationships, the benefits of dating older men, and risk perceptions that influence decisions around these relationships.