Malaria kills between 70,000 and 100,000 children every year in Uganda. In order to apply successful interventions to eradicate malaria, there is a continuous need to understand the epidemiology and risk factors associated with the disease. The Malaria Indicator Survey (MIS) in 2009 was the first nationally representative survey of malaria conducted in Uganda. The aim of the study presented here was to use this MIS to investigate the distribution of malaria infection in children under the age of 5 years old, as well as to investigate the relationship with selected socio-economic, demographic and environmental factors.
Chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs) such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cancers are a major public health problem. In an effort to increase awareness about the behavioural risk factors for NCDs a community-based project was implemented in Khayelitsha. Informed by the results of this study the School of Public Health at the University of the Western Cape joined the Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study in January 2009. The study seeks to scientifically document the root-causes of the traditional risk factors for NCDs by following-up adults aged 30 to 75 years for 12 to 15 years and collecting individual-, household-, community- and national-level information. Responding effectively to the growing burden of NCDs incorporates addressing societal and biological pathways from environmental causes to primordial predispositions and adequately managing the primary risk factors.