Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a disease that causes damage to your central nervous system. This can have a significant impact on your daily activities.
Symptoms of MS can affect a person’s ability to move, speak, and see. They can also affect one’s mood and energy levels.
Multiple sclerosis (MS), a chronic, long-lasting disease that affects the central nervous systems, including your spinal cord, and brain, is known as a chronic, progressive, and lifelong condition. It causes the immune system to attack its own tissues.
Myelin damage can cause messages to be slowed down or blocked between your brain and other parts. This can make it difficult to see, speak, and move. Some symptoms are common for the disease, but others are uncommon.
Vision problems such as double vision or blurred vision are a common symptom of MS, especially in the first few years after diagnosis. These are often caused when the optic nerve sends signals to your eyes. This can cause pain when the eye moves, so your ophthalmologist will want to examine you and rule out other potential causes of your vision loss.
MS can also cause numbness, weakness and balance problems. Numbness is usually caused by a problem in the spinal cord or brain. Muscle weakness can be caused due to damage to your nerves in your legs. Spasticity is a painful condition.
Fatigue is another common symptom of MS, and can be difficult to manage, particularly when it’s recurrent or constant. It can also make sleeping difficult.
MS sufferers may experience vertigo, dizziness, or a feeling like their world is spinning around. These can be caused by nerves that are weakened by MS or by a condition such as a stroke.
These can be treated in the Ayurvedic hospital for MS in kerala india by medication such as steroids that slow down the deterioration and death of nerve cells. Some drugs can be taken by infusion while others can be taken orally.
The most important thing to do is get an accurate diagnosis as soon as possible. That way, you can start treatment that can slow or stop the progression of your MS.
The symptoms of MS can be difficult to spot, but the best thing you can do is listen to your body and notice any unusual symptoms. If you have a new symptom, call your doctor right away.
A doctor diagnoses MS by looking at the patient’s history and physical examination. They may also run tests to determine how much of your brain or spinal cord is affected by the disease. A doctor can use this information to help find the right treatment for you.
MRI (magnetic radiation imaging) can reveal areas of the brain that have been damaged by MS. Blood tests can also be used to determine if you have any antibodies that may be associated with MS.
Your doctor can also test your body fluids to check for abnormalities in proteins found in your cerebrospinal Fluid. This is done via a procedure called a spinal tap or lumbar puncture.
Another way to diagnose MS involves testing your nerves using small electrodes that measure how your nerves responds to different things. This can help determine how well your nerves are functioning and whether you have a problem with walking or coordination.
People with MS often have problems speaking and swallowing. They may have a harder time speaking and swallowing, or a flat voice. Talking with a speech therapist can help improve these symptoms.
MS can cause cognitive problems such as memory, concentration, and attention span problems. These can impact your work, relationships, or social activities. It is important to notify your doctor immediately if your thinking skills change to improve your quality of living.
MS is incurable. However, there are many treatments that can slow down the progression and alleviate symptoms. Your doctor can give you medicine to help you sleep, feel less tired and have less pain. They can also recommend exercises and physical therapy to keep you active.
If you have MS, you may need to take medicine to reduce relapses and slow the disease’s progression. These medicines are called disease modifying therapies, or DMTs. They alter your immune system to make them work. They’re usually given by mouth, by injection, or as an infusion. Some DMTs can also be used as supplements.
A doctor or other healthcare provider will look at your symptoms and other medical history to make a diagnosis. Symptoms can vary from person to person, and some people may have only mild symptoms at first. It’s important to see a neurologist if you have numbness, balance issues or problems with your vision that last more than 24 hours.
Your neurologist will do a physical exam and may ask you to describe your symptoms. The neurologist will also perform blood tests and imaging tests such as an MRI. If none of these tests provide clear answers, you may need to have a spinal tap.
Monoclonal antibody therapy and steroids are other options for MS. These treatments can help reduce new brain lesions, decrease inflammation, worsen symptoms, and speed up recovery after severe relapses.
Glatiramer (Copaxone or Glatopa): a medication that stops your immune system attacking the myelin sleeve that surrounds nerves in the brain and spinal cord. It is injected under the skin and can cause side effects such as headaches and infections.
Cladribine: This medication can be used to treat active, relapsing-remitting MS as well as secondary progressive disease. It’s a pill taken once a day for five days, then once a month. This medication can cause immune system problems if taken for too long.
Ozanimod: it is an oral medication that can reduce your chance of relapse. It has also shown fewer brain lesion formations than other medications. This is a once-daily medication that should be monitored for blood pressure and heart rate. It can have some side effects, such as elevated blood pressure and liver inflammation.